Found on this list are fetal medicine expert witnesses who are available to share their expertise on issues regarding the care of the fetus and mother. They are experienced in dealing with high-risk pregnancies and treating issues that come with it. These professionals may advise on multiple pregnancy, preterm labor, breech presentation and delivery, retained placenta, postpartum hemorrhage, vaginal birth after CS, fetal arrhythmia, and fetal abnormalities, among others. They are experts in caring for mothers with gestational diabetes, hepatitis B and C, eclampsia and preeclampsia, cervical cerclage, and similar emergency conditions. A fetal medicine expert witness may testify in the event of complications of pregnancy and delivery related to medical service provided.